Before beginning your search for a home you might want to familiarize yourself with “mortgage speak.” It’s a good idea to learn mortgage terminology and what surrounds the banking process. These are the most often used terms by mortgage officers or mortgage brokers. Remember to be a confident borrower, be an informed borrower.
Adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM): A mortgage loan with an interest rate that periodically changes.
Annual percentage rate (APR): The yearly interest rate paid on a loan. Federal law requires that this rate is disclosed as part of the truth-in-lending documents.
Conventional mortgage: A mortgage offered by a lender that will probably be bought on the secondary loan market by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac; these loans have an upper limit of $625,500.
Federal Housing Administration (FHA): A government agency that offers low-down-payment loans along with housing information.
Fixed-rate mortgage: A mortgage loan in which the interest rate remains the same for the entire length of the loan.
Good faith estimate: An estimate of the entire cost of buying a home, including all down payment, interest payments and closing costs associated with a loan; to be provided by the lender within three days of a loan application.
Jumbo loan: A mortgage loan above $625,500; these loans sometimes carry a higher interest rate and require a higher down payment and higher credit score than smaller loans.
Loan origination fee: A fee charged by the lender for administering and processing the loan; also sometimes called a “point” and is equal to 1 percent of the loan amount.
Mortgage insurance: Insurance that protects the lender against loss if the borrower defaults on the loan.
Points: A fee charged by the lender equal to 1 percent of the loan amount; points can be paid at the closing to lower the interest rate on a loan.
Preapproval: A qualification for a mortgage by a lender based on proof of your income, assets and credit score that states the maximum loan that you can qualify for; final loan approval also requires an appraisal on the property, which demonstrates that the value of the property is more than the loan amount.
Prequalification: An estimate of your ability to qualify for a loan given by a lender based on your credit worthiness, income and assets but without a complete proof of all assets.